The term ‘uses of the sea’ designates all activities at sea such as commercial shipping,  offshore oil and gas, fishing, mining in the deep sea beyond the jurisdiction of coastal States (i.e. beyond their Exclusive Economic Zone and Continental Shelf), the laying of cables and pipelines. marine scientific research, etc. 

These ‘uses’ are organised, managed and/or regulated on a sectoral basis often under the purview of an international and/or a regional body. 

ACOPS is active in several marine and maritime sectors or activities, especially shipping, coastal and offshore mining as well as deep seabed mining beyond national jurisdiction.

International shipping is regulated under the purview of the International Maritime Organisation (IMO) in London. (

Deep seabed mining is regulated by the bodies of the International Seabed Authority (ISA) in Jamaica.  (

ACOPS has a consultative status with both the IMO and the ISA.